How Does Group Term Life Insurance Work?

Group insurance provides life insurance to a group under a single policy. It gives financial security to the beneficiaries if the covered individual suffers from an unfortunate event during the coverage period. Companies all over the world are now establishing group term insurance policies for their employees as part of their benefits package.

As the name implies, this policy is for a group of people. The most typical type of group is a firm, where the employer receives the contract and provides coverage to their employees. The group term life policy is available to companies with the required strength of personnel. Many workplaces offer a basic level of group coverage at no cost while purchasing additional coverage for spouses and children. Individual term life insurance is comparatively expensive; as a result, group insurance is very popular.

How Does Group Term Insurance Work?

Approximately 80% of businesses provide group life insurance as a benefit. Employees who meet eligibility conditions, such as being a long-time worker or completing 30 days after hire, are typically issued group life insurance, which is defined as term insurance. A group insurance policy is essentially a single master contract that a single group administrator (master) maintains, no matter how many people receive the insurance. They determine the amount of the sum assured and pay the premium accordingly. It implies that there is no need for individual underwriting, and new members can join any time during the year. Most large corporations adopt these rules for their employees.

The standard amount of coverage is usually equal to the annual pay of the insured employee. Employers often pay basic coverage premiums in full or in part. Additional money, usually in multiples of the employees’ yearly income, is frequently offered as an extra bonus. Insurance certificates confirm coverage, and the covered parties choose beneficiaries for individual life insurance.

They provide a master policy to a group administrator, who pays an initial premium. This first payment covers all members of the group for one year. Members of the group have the option of selecting the sum assured. For example, this amount can be a one-time payment or tied to a salary or loan account. After the policyholder pays the premium, it protects the members for a year from the policy’s start date. Group life insurance plans are renewable on an annual basis. They calculate the premium based on changes in the size and age distribution of the age group in question.


  • In comparison to individual policies, group term insurance premiums are often cheaper. Group policies are more cost-effective since the management of group schemes is lower in India.
  • They guarantee employees financial support for their families given their death, sickness, or other unforeseen circumstances. The insurance protects the insured’s economic interests while providing security to the insured’s family.
  • All qualified employees are automatically covered, and participants may not need to go through the underwriting. There is no requirement for a medical exam because it instantly protects everybody who purchases such insurance from the minute they sign up.
  • Premium payments are not a concern because they are withdrawn straight from the employees’ compensation, eliminating the fear of missing a payment. This helps reduce the chances of the policy expiring due to the non-payment of premiums.
  • Employers benefit from policies as much as employees do; some plans provide both life insurance and gratuity advantages for employers.


Working a set number of hours per week or a certain amount of time as an employee are examples of requirements that must be followed to enjoy the benefits under a group term life insurance policy. Supplemental group term coverage is not always available. There is a limit to enrollment in some plans to the first year of employment or a qualifying life event, such as the birth of a child. They can add supplemental group term coverage to other plans during open enrollment periods. When employees complete the eligibility conditions, they are usually automatically enrolled in the base coverage. Underwriting may or may not be required for supplemental coverage based on your insurance provider. It is usually a simplified underwriting process in which the insurance applicant answers a few questions to assess their eligibility instead of having to undergo a physical examination. Subsequently, the carrier decides whether to provide the additional coverage.


In conclusion, group insurance is a cost-effective solution for businesses to supply term insurance to their employees. Employees who receive term insurance are more motivated and dedicated to their employment. Life insurance is a safety net that protects an employee’s family while also providing them the assurance of securing their family’s financial security by providing appropriate protection against the unexpected. When looking to purchase group term insurance for their employees, an employer should consider all of their options and select a plan that suits both the employer and employees.